By Werner Jaeger
Werner Jaeger's vintage three-volume paintings, initially released in 1939, is now to be had in paperback. Paideia, the shaping of Greek personality via a union of civilization, culture, literature, and philosophy is the foundation for Jaeger's evaluate of Hellenic culture.Volume I describes the root, progress, and hindrance of Greek tradition in the course of the archaic and classical epochs, finishing with the cave in of the Athenian empire. the second one and 3rd volumes of the paintings care for the highbrow heritage of historical Greece within the Age of Plato, the 4th century B.C.--the age during which Greece misplaced every thing that's valued during this world--state, energy, liberty--but nonetheless clung to the idea that of paideia. As its final nice poet, Menander summarized the first position of this perfect in Greek tradition while he acknowledged: "The ownership which nobody can remove from guy is paideia."
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Werner Jaeger's vintage three-volume paintings, initially released in 1939, is now to be had in paperback. Paideia, the shaping of Greek personality via a union of civilization, culture, literature, and philosophy is the root for Jaeger's overview of Hellenic tradition. quantity I describes the root, development, and main issue of Greek tradition in the course of the archaic and classical epochs, finishing with the cave in of the Athenian empire.
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Extra resources for Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture - Volume III: The Conflict of Cultural Ideals in the Age of Plato
It imposed one supreme standard upon men—the duty of preserving a noble and healthy balance between their physical powers. If, then, equality and harmony are the essence of health and all other physical perfections, then 'health' comes to mean something greater—it grows into a universal standard of value applying to the whole world and to the whole of life. For its foundations, equality and harmony, are the forces which (according to the ideas underlying this doctrine) create that which is good and right, while pleonexia, aggrandizement, disturbs it.
It was not an accident that, when Plato was establishing his science of ethics and politics, he modelled it neither on the mathematical type of knowledge, nor on speculative natural philosophy, but (as he says in Gorg'ias and many other works) on medical science. 60 A techne is that knowledge of the nature of an object, which aims at benefiting man, and which is therefore incomplete as knowledge until it is put into practice. According to Plato, the doctor is the man who recognizes the sickness because of his knowledge of its opposite, health, and can therefore find ways and means to bring that which is sick back to its normal condition.
After this come animal products and dishes made with them: eggs, milk, cheese; honey is treated along with drinks because it was usually mixed with them. Even the short chapter on cheese is enough to contradict the prevailing view that the author is the man so violently attacked in the essay On ancient medicine for hasty generalizing. That essay actually quotes the case of cheese to prove its point, saying that the physician addicted to generalizations affirmed that all cheese was injurious to the health.
Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture - Volume III: The Conflict of Cultural Ideals in the Age of Plato by Werner Jaeger