By Kaplan S. Basniev, Nikolay M. Dmitriev, George V. Chilingar(auth.)
The mechanics of fluid move is a basic engineering self-discipline explaining either traditional phenomena and human-induced techniques, and a radical realizing of it truly is valuable to the operations of the oil and fuel industry. This e-book, written by way of a number of the world’s best-known and revered petroleum engineers, covers the options, theories, and purposes of the mechanics of fluid circulation for the veteran engineer operating within the box and the coed, alike. it's a must-have for any engineer operating within the oil and fuel industry.Content:
Chapter 1 easy suggestions of the Mechanics of Continua (pages 15–26):
Chapter 2 Conservation legislation. essential and Differential Equations of constant Medium (pages 27–44):
Chapter three non-stop Medium Deformation fee (pages 45–56):
Chapter four drinks (pages 57–72):
Chapter five fundamentals of the Dimensionality and Conformity idea (pages 73–90):
Chapter 6 Hydrostatics (pages 91–104):
Chapter 7 stream of perfect Fluid (pages 105–134):
Chapter eight Parallel?Plane Flows of excellent Incompressible Fluid (pages 135–152):
Chapter nine movement of Viscous Incompressible Fluid in Prismatic Tubes (pages 153–164):
Chapter 10 Turbulent circulate of Fluids in Pipes (pages 165–178):
Chapter eleven Hydraulic Calculation for Pipelines (pages 179–190):
Chapter 12 Fluid's Outflow from Orifices and Nozzles (pages 191–200):
Chapter thirteen Non?Stationary movement of Viscous Fluid in Pipes (pages 201–232):
Chapter 14 Laminar Boundary Layer (pages 233–242):
Chapter 15 Unidimensional fuel Flows (pages 243–276):
Chapter sixteen Laminar move of Non?Newtonian Fluids (pages 277–298):
Chapter 17 Two?Phase circulation in Pipes (pages 299–316):
Chapter 18 major Definitions and ideas of Fluid and fuel circulate. Darcy's legislations and scan (pages 317–344):
Chapter 19 Mathematical types of Uniphase Filtration (pages 345–362):
Chapter 20 Unidimensional Transient?Free Filtration of Incompressible Fluid and fuel in an Uniform Porous Medium (pages 363–394):
Chapter 21 Unidimensional Filtration of Incompressible Liquid and fuel in a Nonuniform Reservoirs below Darcy's legislation (pages 395–408):
Chapter 22 Flat Transient?Free Filtration (pages 409–426):
Chapter 23 Non?Stationary movement of an Elastic Fluid in an Elastic Reservoir (pages 427–468):
Chapter 24 Non?Stationary circulation of fuel in a Porous Medium (pages 469–488):
Chapter 25 Filtration of Non?Newtonian Liquid (pages 489–512):
Chapter 26 Liquid and gasoline stream in Fractured and Fractured?Porous Media (pages 513–536):
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Additional info for Mechanics of Fluid Flow
A fluid is incompressible if p = const for a material particle or (under the definition of material derivative, see Eq. 14)) if: ^ = ^ + V i i£ = 0 . 14) dt dt dxi A fluid is incompressible and uniform if the density value is constant and is the same for all material points within the fluid volume under consideration. In such a case: ^ = 0 , ^ = 0 a n d ^ = 0. 15) CHAPTER IV 60 Here, density is not an unknown function but a known value assigned at the problem setting. Eq. 15)) is the equation of state of incompressible fluid.
When integrating from A to B or when the pass-around direction Fig. 4 changes while integrating along the closed curve, the circulation sign changes to the opposite. It means that the circulation along the closed contour (Fig. 5) is equal to the sum of the circulations along contours I and II, because the integral Eq. 29) along theAß line is computed twice, and in the opposite directions. According to the Stokes' law, circulation at velocity v along a closed contour L is equal to the doubled vortex flow of rotor co through surface S tightly pulled over this contour, i.
30) ί Eq. 29) shows that viscous properties of a fluid are defined by the λ and μ coefficients. If the fluid is not compressible, divv = 0, and then only one coefficient, μ, exists for a incompressible fluid. It follows from Eq. 29) that μ affects not only the tangential stresses but also normal stresses. The summation in the Eq. 30) is the expressions for normal stresses />**: Pn + Pv + Px =-p The ξ-λ-ν—μ + U + Ιμ^αίνν = -ρ + ξάϊνν . 31) is the coefficient of the second or volume viscosity. The ki- netic gas theory shows that for monoatomic gases ξ = 0, but in general ξ Φ 0 .
Mechanics of Fluid Flow by Kaplan S. Basniev, Nikolay M. Dmitriev, George V. Chilingar(auth.)