Download PDF by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life: Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments

ISBN-10: 0309104858

ISBN-13: 9780309104852

ISBN-10: 0309105455

ISBN-13: 9780309105453

Worldwide swap checks tell selection makers in regards to the medical underpinnings of more than a few environmental matters, reminiscent of weather swap, stratospheric ozone depletion, and lack of biodiversity. Dozens of tests were carried out to this point through a number of U.S. and foreign teams, a lot of them influencing public rules, expertise improvement, and learn instructions. This document analyzes strengths and weaknesses of 8 previous exams to notify destiny efforts. universal parts of potent exams comprise powerful management, broad engagement with and affected events, a clear science-policy interface, and good outlined conversation ideas. The record identifies eleven crucial parts of potent tests and recommends that destiny tests comprise selection help instruments that utilize info on the local and native point the place judgements are made.

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SOURCE: CCSP 2003. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 22 ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL CHANGE ASSESSMENTS (2) enhance observation and monitoring systems to support scientific and trend analyses, and (3) improve decision-support resources. DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMS Definition of Assessment The committee has adopted the following definition of assessments, which is derived from its usage in the emerging literature (Parson 2003; Farrell et al. 2006): Assessments are collective, deliberative processes by which experts review, analyze, and synthesize scientific knowledge in response to users’ information needs relevant to key questions, uncertainties, or decisions.

A distinction is made in this report between these and a specific stakeholder—the authorizing body of the assessment—that provides the assessment with its mandate and typically also with its funding. , those requesting an assessment) is part of a government or, in the case of the IPCC, of multiple governments. This distinction is made for the purpose of several discussions in this report, due to the fact that different processes may be required to structure the participation of the authorizing body and of all other stakeholders.

Impact Assessments: Understanding the Consequences of Global Change Impact assessments seek to characterize, diagnose, and project the risks or impacts of the environmental change on people������������������������ , communities, economic activities, ecosystems, and valued natural resources������������������������ . As the history of climate change assessments and of stratospheric ozone assessments indicates, impact assessments often occur once a global change phenomenon has been validated by a process assessment and they often draw on the outputs of the process assessment.

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Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments


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