By Ammonius, David A. Blank
Aristotle's On Interpretation, the centrepiece of his good judgment, examines the connection among conflicting pairs of statements. the 1st 8 chapters, analysed during this quantity, clarify what statements are, ranging from their simple parts - the phrases - and dealing as much as the nature of antagonistic affirmations and negations.
Ammonius, who in his capability as Professor at Alexandria from round advert 470 taught just about all the good sixth-century commentators, left simply this one remark in his personal identify, even though his lectures on different works of Aristotle were written up via his scholars, who integrated Philoponus and Asclepius. His principles on Aristotle's On Interpretation were derived from his personal instructor, Proclus, and partially from the good misplaced statement of Porphyry. the 2 most crucial extant commentaries on On Interpretation, of which this is often one (the different being by way of Boethius) either draw on Porphyry's paintings, which might be to a point reconstructed for them
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Additional info for Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8
80 Some, Alexander of Aphrodisias for example, have chosen to say that it is as an homonymous vocal sound is divided into different meanings, but others, such as the philosopher Porphyry,81 that it is as a genus is divided into species. No one dared say that it is divided as a whole into parts, since it is seen to be divided neither as a whole whose parts are similar to one another and to the whole (homoiomeres), there being a great difference between affirmation and negation, nor as one whose parts are dissimilar from one another and from the whole (anomoiomeres), in which case one could not call each of the parts by the name of the whole.
Such are the vocal sounds of the irrational animals. For, when a stranger suddenly appears, a dog by his bark signifies the presence of the stranger; but dogs do not produce this sort of vocal sound according to any convention or agreement among themselves. One could note such vocal sounds also among men, which we utter when strongly affected – I mean, for example, groaning, guffawing, and what we said (23,3) regarding those who are deaf from birth or regarding children who 20 25 40 30 35 31,1 Translation utter inarticulate sounds before they are able to follow
The truth of what we have said is also clear from the fact that the very names of the other parts of the sentence relate to the name and the verb. e. of the name and the verb, even if it inclines more to the particular nature of the verb by indicating certain times, and the 20 25 30 15,1 24 5 10 15 Translation article (arthron, literally: ‘link’) as ‘linked’ to names and having reference to them. And why should we even speak of prepositions (prothesis), adverbs (epirrhêma) or conjunctions (sundesmos)?
Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8 by Ammonius, David A. Blank