By Michael Otterman
George W. Bush calls them an "alternative set of procedures": forcing sufferers to face for 40 hours; depriving them of sleep for weeks on finish; and strapping prisoners to vulnerable forums, then flooding their mouths with water. those strategies are torture, and they're felony within the United States.
Michael Otterman finds the lengthy historical past of U.S. torture. He exhibits how those strategies turned typical perform in today's struggle on terror. at first, the CIA dependent their recommendations at the strategies in their enemies, the Nazis, Soviets, and chinese language. Billions of bucks have been spent learning, refining, then educating those strategies to interrogators charged with preserving communism at bay. They produced approach manuals that have been utilized in Vietnam, Latin the US, and in other places. because the chilly struggle ended, those tortures---engineered to go away deep mental wounds yet few actual scars---were legalized utilizing the very legislation that have been designed to remove their use. After 9-11, they have been revived back to be used on enemy opponents detained in America's great gulag of prisoners around the globe---from mystery CIA black websites in Thailand to the penitentiary at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Michael Otterman exhibits that those interrogation tools violate greater than foreign legislations and basic human rights. They radicalize enemies, undermine credibility, and yield unreliable intelligence. they don't make us extra secure. They make us much less safe.
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Extra resources for American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond
Was admitted to Allen Memorial suffering from anxiety and hypochondria. Blacked-out goggles were placed over her eyes, her ears were covered with earmuffs, and her hands were padded to limit physical sensation. Cameron then placed her in the box for more than a month. According to Cameron, ‘Although the patient was prepared by both prolonged sensory isolation (35 days) and by repeated depatterning, and although she received 101 days of positive driving, no favorable results were obtained’. During his time as Director, Cameron took hundreds of patients to extreme limits of sensory deprivation without their full voluntary consent.
According to ex-patients and staff at Allen Memorial, Cameron often went above and beyond the limits of the proposal. Cameron gave patients electro-shock treatment (‘depatterning’) up to three times a day for thirty days at a time and slipped others into druginduced comas for up to eighty-eight days. ‘Driving’ was performed by playing recorded statements via little speakers implanted in blackedout football helmets bound to the patients’ heads. The isolation phase took place in a deprivation box Cameron built on the hospital grounds.
Jerome, former commander of the First Marine Aircraft Wing in Korea. General Mark W. Clark, the UN Commander-in-Chief in Korea, branded the confessions ‘fantastic and utterly false’. Clark doubted that the deposition was penned by the flier, but ‘too familiar are the mind-annihilating methods of the Communists in extorting whatever words they want for there to be any mystery as to how they were fabricated’. Schwable was released on 5 September 1953 following a prisonerswap dubbed Operation Big Switch.
American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond by Michael Otterman