By David Eldridge
В этой книге предлагается краткий обзор главных культурных событий Америки в 30-х годах XX века: в области литературы и театра, музыки и радио, кино и фотографии, живописи и дизайна, а также ведущей роли федерального правительства в развитии искусств. Книга помогает понять культурные импульсы радикализма, национализма и бегство от действительности, характерные для Соединенных Штатов в 1930-е.Образцы сканов:
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Additional info for American Culture in the 1930s
The agricultural depression had already made farming untenable for many, affecting communities all through the 1920s, not just after 1929. Even before the ‘Dust Bowl’, the average per capita income of a farm household in 1933 was just $167 per year; and having borrowed money to mechanize their operations, indebted farmers faced banks foreclosing on them at the rate of 20,000 per month. 2 However, the situation had overwhelmed the government by 1932 and, as the Hooverville appellation suggests, responsibility for the situation was laid at the Republican President’s door, however unfairly.
Foster and his African American running mate, James Ford. Calling themselves the League of Professional Groups for Foster and Ford, they published Culture and the Crisis: An Open Letter to the Writers, Artists, Teachers, Physicians, Engineers, Scientists, and Other Professional Workers in September of that year. Encompassing a wide variety of disciplines, its signatories included playwright Sherwood Anderson, author John Dos Passos, novelist and social historian Waldo Frank, African American poet Langston Hughes, literary critics Edmund Wilson and Malcolm Cowley, historian Matthew Josephson and philosopher Sidney Hook.
Even before the Depression hit, he had a reputation as a ‘reform Democrat’, instituting the New York Public Service Commission, developing publicly-owned hydroelectric power and providing assistance to the state’s farmers. After the Wall Street Crash, he offered direct relief programmes and was the first governor to advocate unemployment insurance. 82 It may not have been a ‘philosophy’ but it was a different attitude towards government. 86 Even some of the New Deal’s ‘failures’ are attributed to a politically ‘Machiavellian’ side of Roosevelt’s character – as in his decision not to alienate white Southern Democrats by preventing an anti-lynching bill from being passed, or the fact that his ‘duplicity’ provided a rallying point for opposition to coalesce against his plans to reform the Supreme Court.
American Culture in the 1930s by David Eldridge