By Barbara Maughan, Michael Rutter (auth.), Thomas H. Ollendick, Ronald J. Prinz (eds.)
It is with either satisfaction and disappointment that we post the 20 th and final quantity of Advances in medical baby Psychology. This sequence has noticeable a protracted and profitable run beginning less than the editorship of Ben Lahey and Alan Kazdin, who handed the baton to us at quantity 14. we're thankful to the various participants through the years and to the Plenum employees for generating a high quality product in a well timed demeanour. This quantity covers a various array of vital themes. within the open ing bankruptcy, Maughan and Rutter discover the examine literatures relating to continuity and discontinuity of delinquent habit from early life to maturity. Their evaluate and conceptualization emphasize the importance of hyperactivity and inattention, early-onset behavior difficulties, low reac tivity to emphasize, and terrible peer kin as probably influential variables within the endurance of delinquent habit. Social cognitions, environmental continuities, substance abuse, cumulative chains of existence occasions, and protec tive tactics are regarded as well.
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Additional info for Advances in Clinical Child Psychology: Volume 20
1992). , 1992). Third, equally careful attention is needed in delineating aspects of the experiences postulated to be involved in turning-point effects. Marriage per se, for example, may have little effect on desistance from offending (West, 1982). A more specific focus on those aspects of relationships theoretically assumed to be of importance-harmonious, supportive marriages that can foster positive social bonds-has revealed a quite different pattern (Quinton & Rutter, 1988; Sampson & Laub, 1993).
These first findings clearly require confirmation; if replicated, however, they may offer important clues to heterogeneity in adolescence and provide additional pointers to groups whose deviant behavior owes little to psychophysiological predispositions and most to environmental and contextual effects. 6. Conclusions Recent years have seen major advances in our understanding of developmental continuities in antisocial behavior. It is now clear that the long-term risks extend more widely than to severely antisocial outcomes, that childhood and adolescent onset behavior problems may vary in both risks and long-term consequences, and that although progress to adult outcome depends in part on trait persistence, it also turns heavily on intervening developments, each holding the potential to maintain or redirect behavioral trajectories over time.
Lack of family support in adolescence, lack of a "planning" disposition in approaching life choices, and association with deviant peers each, in succession, increased girls' risks of achieving deviant partners. Pathways to more distal outcomes depended crucially on these intervening links. 7. Breaking the Chain: Turning Points in the Life Course A key corollary of these models is, of course, that those who avoid such adverse consequences should show a much reduced likelihood of persistence in deviant behaviors.
Advances in Clinical Child Psychology: Volume 20 by Barbara Maughan, Michael Rutter (auth.), Thomas H. Ollendick, Ronald J. Prinz (eds.)