Download e-book for iPad: Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications: by Ian Gibson

By Ian Gibson

ISBN-10: 0470016884

ISBN-13: 9780470016886

Complex production applied sciences (AMTs) mix novel production options and machines with the appliance of data expertise, microelectronics and new organizational practices in the production quarter. They comprise "hard" applied sciences similar to fast prototyping, and "soft" applied sciences equivalent to scanned element cloud facts manipulation. AMTs give a contribution considerably to scientific and biomedical engineering. The variety of purposes is quickly expanding, with many vital new items now below development.Advanced production know-how for clinical functions outlines the state-of-the-art in complex production expertise and issues to the long run improvement of this intriguing box. Early chapters examine genuine clinical purposes already applying AMT, and growth to how opposite engineering permits clients to create approach recommendations to scientific difficulties. The authors additionally examine how not easy and smooth structures are used to create those suggestions prepared for construction. purposes persist with the place types are created utilizing numerous various suggestions to fit various clinical problemsOne of the 1st texts to be devoted to using fast prototyping, opposite engineering and linked software program for scientific applicationsTies jointly the 2 precise disciplines of engineering and medicineFeatures contributions from specialists who're recognized pioneers within the use of those applied sciences for scientific applicationsIncludes paintings conducted in either a examine and a advertisement capability, with representatives from three businesses which are confirmed as international leaders within the box – clinical Modelling, Materialise, & AnatomicsCovers a finished diversity of scientific purposes, from dentistry and surgical procedure to neurosurgery and prosthetic designMedical practitioners drawn to imposing new complex tools will locate complex production know-how for clinical purposes worthwhile as will engineers constructing functions for the scientific undefined. lecturers and researchers additionally now have a necessary source at their disposal.

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Additional info for Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications: Reverse Engineering, Software Conversion and Rapid Prototyping (Engineering Research Series (REP))

Sample text

Even when the surgeon aligns the instrument to preplanned parameters, this position is lost when the surgeon sets the instrument down. The practicalities of surgery require that surgeons often switch instruments and that they maintain attention on the patient directly, rather than to a virtual representation of the patient. For example, in most types of surgery, tasks like the management of bleeding are not guided by presurgical planning and surgeons must focus on the patient’s anatomy as it appears in front of them, rather than on a computer screen or some other representation of the patient.

A competent service bureau will employ a skilled radiological staff, trained to image the human body and empowered to make informed decisions about the production of these highly accurate models. Because the machinery is very expensive to purchase and maintain, most hospitals and medical centers are currently unable to bring this technology in-house. The first step in the process of acquiring a model involves the transfer of the data from the CT scan to the modeling facility. There is typically a lead time of 1–5 days for the production of a model from raw image data.

The result can be considered analogous to a global positioning system (GPS) for the operating room (OR). In GPS, satellites orbiting the Earth can localize the position of a GPS transmitter in a car, correlate its position to a street map and provide directions to the driver. In IGS, localizer technology can track the location of an instrument in a surgeon’s hand, correlate its position relative to preoperatively acquired images and provide guidance to the surgeon. IGS systems are used by neurosurgeons to localize brain tumors for less invasive and more complete resections, by ENT surgeons for safer, more precise sinus operations and increasingly in orthopaedics for guidance in total joint replacements.

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Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications: Reverse Engineering, Software Conversion and Rapid Prototyping (Engineering Research Series (REP)) by Ian Gibson

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