Read e-book online A History of Modern Germany 1800 - 2000 PDF

By Martin Kitchen

ISBN-10: 1405100400

ISBN-13: 9781405100403

ISBN-10: 1405100419

ISBN-13: 9781405100410

This enticing textbook offers a wide survey of recent German historical past from 1800-2000, and situates Germany’s fragmented previous inside its complete context. Kitchen:

  • Provides readers an extended view of German background, letting them see continuities and adjustments
  • Covers the unification of Germany, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, the 3rd Reich, the Federal Republic, the cave in of Communism, and the re-unification
  • Examines cultural heritage in addition to political and fiscal heritage
  • Includes assurance of nearby historical past instead of concentrating on the dominant function of Prussia

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This masterpiece of German classicism suggests that there was much more to Luise than a prototypical bourgeois Hausfrau. Austria did not have to labor under such onerous conditions and played a more proactive role. Count Philip Stadion, the first minister, was a conservative southern German, but he was also a fervent patriot. He hoped to mobilize popular sentiment throughout Germany and inspire a war of liberation that would result in the rebirth of the German empire. It was a heady vision that appealed to many of the great writers and publicists of the age such as Kleist, Friedrich Schlegel, and Gentz.

An interdisciplinary education in the humanities was designed to create well-rounded individuals rather than narrow specialists. In his inaugural address as rector Fichte announced: “The true life-giving breath of the university. . ” This was an expression of the all too often derided German notion of freedom as inward, subjective, and metapolitical. In fact GERMANY UNDER NAPOLEON 21 the reformers who espoused these lofty ideas were eminently political. They looked in horror at the enormities committed in the name of freedom, and insisted that a people could only be genuinely free by thoroughgoing individualization.

Added to this mixture of Kantian morality and Rousseau’s romanticism came of a large dose of Adam Smith’s economic liberalism. It was argued that only if property and labor were freely brought to market could an economy flourish. Aristocratic estates henceforth could be freely bought and sold so that wealthy bourgeois could invest in the land. Serfs would become wage laborers. A traditional, aristocratic, semi-feudal society was to give way to capitalist agriculture. GERMANY UNDER NAPOLEON 17 Once again the impetus for reform came from above, from the liberal bureaucracy, and not from below.

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A History of Modern Germany 1800 - 2000 by Martin Kitchen

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